俄國生產的飛彈火炮武器在他們國內有四種名稱:
1.設計名稱(Design name)
2.工業生產代號(Industry name)
3.俄國國防部飛彈火炮局編號(GRAU index)
4.正式服役番號(Service designation)

此外,西方國家還給它們編一個北約代號(NATO codename),基本上只是為了方便美國盟邦或死美國佬辨識而已~

舉例來說,中共跟俄國買的現代級驅逐艦上最令台灣海軍害怕的超音速反艦飛彈:

北約代號: SS-N-22 Sunburn(日灸)
GRAU編號:3M80
正式服役番號:P-270 Moskit ; (俄文:П-270 «Москит») - 蚊式
設計名稱和工業生產代號:不詳

或是傳奇的V300防空飛彈:

北約代號:S-25 Berkut
設計名稱:La-205
工業生產代號: Product 205, (izdeliye 205
GRAU編號:5V7
正式服役番號: V300


GRAU命名規則:(數字一碼)(字母一碼)(數字兩碼) -(字母一碼)
以下為前兩碼所代表的意義:
====================================================
1 (Radio and electronics equipment)
1K - 1K1, the Buran space shuttle
1L - 1L14, the IFF detector for the 9K310 (SA-16 Gimlet) air defense system
1S - Radar (1S11, target detecting radar of 1S91 command and control vehicle of 3M12 air defense system)

2 (Artillery systems)
2K - 2K11, Krug surface-to-air missile system; 2К12, Kub surface-to-air missile system
2S - Self-propelled artillery systems (2S19 Msta-S)
2U - Training equipment

3 (Army and naval missiles)
3M - Various missiles (3M80 Moskit, 3M45 Granit)

4 (Naval missiles and army equipment (munitions, reactive armour, etc.))
4G - Warheads (4G15, the high explosive/HEAT warhead for the P-15 Termit anti-ship missile)
4K - Naval missiles (4K10, the submarine-launched missile R-27 (RSM-25) for D-5 "Zyb" system; 4K40, P-15 Termit missile)
4P - Launchers (4P140, the chassis of the BM-37 Uragan MLRS)
4S - Launchers (4S95, the launcher of "Kinzhal/Klinok" (SA-15 Gauntlet) air defense complex)
4#
46N6E (SA-10 Grumble), a SAM for the S-300 PMU-1 air defense system

5 (Air defense equipment)
5B - SAM warheads (5B18, the warhead for the S-125's V-601 missile)
5P - SAM launchers (5P75, the four-missile launcher for the S-125 air defense system)
5V - SAM missiles (5V55, SAM for S-300 air defense system)
5Ae - Computers (5Ae26, a specialized multi-CPU computer with a performance of 1.5 MIPS)
5Ya - SAM's (5Ya23, a SAM for the S-75 air defense system)
5#
51T6 (SH-11/ABM-4 Gorgone), an exoatmospheric anti-ballistic missile interceptor for the A-135 air defense system
53T6 (SH-08/ABM-3 Gazelle), an endoatmospheric interceptor for A-135 air defense system

6 (Firearms, air defense equipment)
6B - Body armor (6B1), helmets (6B6)
6V - Firearms (6V1, the Dragunov sniper rifle)
6G - Firearms (6G3, the RPG-7 man-portable, rocket propelled grenade launcher; 6G17, the VOG-25 40 mm grenade cartridge)
6Zh - Firearm equipment (6Zh1M, a 100-round magazine for the PKM machine gun)
6P - Firearms (6P1, the 7.62mm AKM)
6T - Firearm equipment (6T2, Samozhenkov's carriage for PKS machine gun)
6U - Firearm equipment (6U1, personnel carrier vehicle carriage for PKB/PKBM machine gun)
6Kh - Knives and bayonets (6Kh3, a sword-bayonet for the AKM)
6Ts - Sights (6Ts1, the PSO-1 sight for the Dragunov sniper rifle)
6Ch - Firearm equipment (6Ch12, the PBS-1 flash suppressor and silencer)
6Sh - Firearm equipment (6Sh5, an ammunition belt)

7 (Firearm munitions)
7B - Ammunition (7B33, the 7.62 x 54 mm R armour-piercing/incendiary round)
7G - Grenades (7G1, the RKG-3 handheld HEAT grenade)
7Z - Ammunition (7Z1, the 14.5 x 115 mm incendiary round)
7N - Ammunition (7N1, the 7.62 x 54 mm round for sniper rifles)
7P - Rocket propelled grenades (7P1, a 40mm RPG-7 round)
7S - Misc. ammunition (7S1, a signal false-fire of orange smoke)
7T - Ammunition (7T2, the 7.62 x 54 mm R tracer round)
7U - Ammunition (7U1, the 7.62x54mm low speed (subsonic) US cartridge)
7Kh - Training ammunition (7Kh1, the 12.7 x 108 mm blank cartridge)

Exceptions
71Kh6, the US-KMO Prognoz-2 early warning system satellite
73N6 Baikal-1, an automated air defense command and control system
76N6, a low-altitude target detector radar
75E6 Parol-3, the IFF interrogator for the S-75M and S-125

8 (Army missiles and rocketry)
8A - Ballistic missiles
8D - Rocket engines (mostly)
8K - Missiles (8K51, 8K63 Dvina, 8K64, 8K67, 8K71, 8K81, 8K84)
8P - Expendable launch systems
8S - Missile propulsion stages
8F - Warheads

9 (Army missiles, UAVs)
9K - 9К33, Osa surface-to-air missile system; 9К115-2, Metis-M anti-tank missile system; 9K310, the SA-16 Gimlet air defense system
9M - 9M62, T-92 UAV from aerial reconnaissance complex "Tipchak"; 9M133, Kornet anti-tank guided missile
9S - 9S737, Ranzhir mobile command center

10 (Equipment)
10P - Sights (10P19, the PGO-7V sight for RPG-7V grenade launcher)
10R - Radios (10R30 Karat-2, a radio transmitter)

11 (Rocketry and associated equipment)
11A - Rocketry (11A51, the Korolev N-1 heavy-lift launcher, 11A511, the Soyuz launcher)
11B - Nuclear thermal rocket engines (11B91 (RD0410); 11B97)
11G - Equipment (11G12, a refuelling station)
11D - Rocket engines (11D43, the RD-253 liquid fuel rocket engine (1-st stage of "Proton" space launcher))
11K - Rocketry (11K25 Energia, a heavy-lift rocket for the "Buran" space shuttle)
11M - Onboard equipment (11M243, solar array actuators for the 11F624 Yantar-2K satellite)
11P - Ground equipment (11P825, the launch complex for the 11K25)
11S - Rocket stages (11S59, the 1st and 2nd stages ("unit A") of the Soyuz launch vehicle)
11F - Satellites (11F67 Molnia-1, a telecom satellite; 11F35K1, the first production Buran; 11F654 GLONASS satellites)

14 (Rocketry and associated equipment)
14D - Rocket engines (14D30, the "Briz" booster's S5.98M liquid fuel engine)
14I - Ground equipment (14I02, the ground equipment for the "Briz" booster's 8P882 system)
14P - Ground equipment (14P72, the service system for the "Briz" booster)
14S - Boosters (14S12, the "Briz" booster)
14T - Ground equipment (14T81, the storage equipment for the "Briz" booster)
14F - Satellites (14F10, the IS-MU Naryad anti-satellite weapon)

15 (Strategic Missile Forces equipment)
15A - Intercontinental ballistic missiles (15A14 and 15A18, the R-36M (SS-18 Satan) ICBM; 15A15, the UR-100MR (SS-17 Spanker) ICBM)
15B - Warheads
15D - Rocket engines (mostly)
15Zh - ICBM's and tactical ballistic missiles (15Zh45, the RT-21M Pioneer (SS-20 Saber) TBM)
15N - Command and control vehicles
15P - Silo-based launchers (mostly)
15U - ICBM ground equipment
15F - Warheads

17 (Rocketry and associated equipment)
17D - Misc. rocket engines (17D58Ae, the stabilization and orientation engine of the "Briz-M" booster)
17K - Space-based systems (17K114, a space-based reconnaissance and targeting system)
17P - Ground equipment (17P31, the start system for 11K25)
17S - Rocket stages (17S40, Unit D of the Proton launcher)
17U - Ground equipment (17U551, the "Briz-M" booster testing system)
17F - Satellites (17F15 Raduga-1, a telecommunications satellite) 


參考資料: WIKIPEDIA GRAU
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